One of the most devastating diseases a patient can develop in their oral cavity is periodontal disease. Periodontal disease can easily decimate the hard and soft tissues of the mouth. This includes the teeth, gums, tongue, and even the upper and lower jawbone. When patients fail to diligently brush and floss twice daily, the bacteria in the mouth will begin to propagate and grow to dangerous levels, attacking the tissues of the mouth.
Periodontal disease has multiple levels but the first is the most important. This stage is known as gingivitis. The reason this stage is important is because this is the only stage in which the disease can be completely cured. If it progresses to the more serious stages, the only thing that can be done is to treat the symptoms of the disease. Periodontal maintenance is the deep-cleaning procedure that needs to be done several times a year in order to slow the progression of gum disease. For those who have questions about gum disease and its treatment please come to see us at Bonnie & Simone.
Gum Disease Assessment
Once the evaluation is complete, we can determine if the patient has periodontal disease or not and if so, what stage it is currently in. Once we determine that, we can easily create a treatment plan to best treat the disease. We will look for key factors which can impact a patient's likelihood of developing periodontal disease. We look at the teeth and gums and determine how much tartar buildup and plaque there is on the patient's teeth. We will also examine the pocket size and depth where the gums meet the base of the teeth. Gums can begin to pull away from the teeth in the earlier stages of gum disease. We will also take x-rays and examine the health of the jawbone to determine if any bone mass loss has begun to occur which is also another indicator of periodontal disease.
Non Surgical Treatments
The initial stage of gum disease is known as gingivitis. When the disease is in this stage it can be treated with non-surgical treatments. This could include root-scaling which involves scraping away bacteria, plaque, and tartar which can build up on the surfaces of the teeth. Root-planing smooths the tooth roots so bacteria have a harder time adhering to the surfaces. Periodontal maintenance is the deep cleaning process that should occur at least three times a year in order to stave off the progress of the disease.
Surgical options become the only available treatment once the disease moves into the latter stages. Pocket reductions surgery, gum grafts, and bone grafts can be used to treat gum disease.
Anyone who wants to find out more about periodontal disease treatment should come to our Bonnie & Simone office. Patients can also reach us by phone at (757) 540-1028.